Guntur district is an administrative district in the Coastal Andhra region of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The administrative seat of the district is located at Guntur, the largest city of the district in terms of area and population. It has a coastline of approximately 100 km and is situated on the right bank of Krishna River, that separates it from Krishna district and extends till it empties into the Bay of Bengal. It is bounded on the south by Prakasam district and on the west by the state of Telangana. It has an area of 11,391 sq.km (4,398 sq mi) and is the 2nd most populous district in the state, with a population of 4,889,230 as per 2011 census of India.
11,391 Sq. Kms
Bay of Bengal
Nalgonda and Mahaboobnagar districts
The average temperature is warm to hot year-round. The summer season (especially during May/June) has the highest temperatures, but these are usually followed by monsoon rains. The winter season (from November to February) is the most enjoyable with a pleasant climate. Winter months are usually dry, with little to no rainfall. The wettest month is July. The average annual temperature is 28.5 C and annual rain fall is about 853 mm. Rain storms and cyclones are common in the region during the rainy season, which starts with the monsoons in early June. Cyclones may occur any time of the year, but occur more commonly between May and November.
Annual normal Rainfall of the Guntur District is 853 mm. Normal Rain of South West Monsoon is 525.8 mm i.e., 62% of the Annual Normal Rainfall which is vital for the crops during Kharif Season. Normal Rainfall of North East Monsoon is 228.9 mm. i.e., 27% of Annual Normal Rainfall. Generally in KWD areas the rainfall ranges from 750 mm to 1000 mm where as in uplands it ranges from 660 to 1000 mm.
Three types of soils:
- Types of Red Soils : 1,05,444 ha.
- Types of Black Soils : 4,66,063 ha
The major crops grown in Kharif season are Paddy, Groundnut, Cotton, Redgram, Greengram, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Seasamum Chillies and during Rabi are Paddy, Jowar, Maize, Horsegram, Blackgram, Bengalgram, Groundnut, Sunflower, Coriander, Chillies etc.
Average literacy rate in Guntur district as per census 2011 is 78.03 % of which males and females are 83.97 % and 72.25 % literates respectively.
TRANSPORTATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
District Headquarters Guntur is well connected by road . Guntur , Macherla , Narasaraopet , Mangalagiri , Bapatla , Chilakaluripet , Vinukonda , Repalle , Sattenapalle , Tenali , Ponnur are the Cities in this district having road connectivity to major towns and remote villages.
Some of the rail way stations in district are Tenali Junction , Guntur Junction , Bapatla , Piduguralla , Nidubrolu , Mangalagiri , Sattenapalle , Krishna Canal Junction …. which connects most of the towns and villages in the District.
Guntur APSRTC Bus Station , Brindavan Gardens(Gnt) APSRTC Bus Station , Chebrolu(Gnt) APSRTC Bus Station are the Bus Stations in Guntur District .